Posted: 13 December 2004
Envision this -- a plan by a private group of universities and colleges to control the global weather on command, supposedly, only for the benefit of mankind. Does this sound too farfetched to believe? Well, start believing, because it is here today, and the future is now.
A flurry of magazine and news articles cropped up in October on Dr. Ross N. Hoffman's vision to design and implement a central command post for the world's weather control activities. His vision is "within the next 30 years there will be a Global Weather Control System that could influence the weather through the use of contrails (condensed water vapour produced at high altitudes by aircraft), a fleet of solar reflectors orbiting the Earth, wind turbines and microwave energy from satellites," so says an article by Explorations TV, BBC Worldwide. (http://www.explorations.tv/human_6.html)
Hoffman seems to have the credentials to fulfill his dream with an undergraduate geology degree from Brown University, a master degree in mathematics from Boston University, and a Ph.D. in meteorology from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After graduation, he was employed at the Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheric Sciences, and he's also served on the National Research Council Committee on the Status and Future Directions in U.S. Weather Modification Research and Operations.
Today, Hoffman works for Atmospheric Environmental Research, Inc. (AER), a research and development firm in Lexington, Massachusetts. Some of their clients are the U.S. Dept. of Defense, Dept. of Energy and Environmental Protection Agency, and private industry leaders of Boeing Satellite Systems, Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp., Allied Signal, American Petroleum Institute, Dupont and American Chemistry Council. (http://www.aer.com/home/home/html)
"Objective analysis and assimilation methods, atmospheric dynamics, climate theory and atmospheric radiation" are Hoffman's primary interests. He's also been involved in Rapid Climate Change (RAPID), "a $20 million, six-year (2001-2007) programme of the Natural Environment Research Council" from the United Kingdom.
The October articles released on Hoffman center around his recent project for the NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts (NIAC), "Controlling the Global Weather". The NIAC is an arm of the Universities Space Research Association (USRA), a nonprofit incorporated in the District of Columbia in 1969 "under the auspices of the National Academy of Sciences." (http://www.niac.usra.edu)
The USRA website lists 95 institutional members in 2004, all colleges and universities with "graduate programs in space sciences or aerospace engineering" with 88 members from the United States, two from Canada, three from Europe, and two from Israel. The group's charter is "grand, revolutionary concepts for architectures and systems." (http://www.usra.edu/hq/ur/coi.html)
NIAC contracted with Hoffman to design a weather controller, "a feedback control system to control the global atmosphere, and the components of such a system . . . providing a scientific basis and system architecture to actually implement global weather control."
Presumably, the need for such a system stems from the chaos theory on the Earth's atmosphere, a view held by many scientists. "A chaotic system is one that appears to behave randomly, but is, in fact, governed by rules. It is also highly sensitive to initial conditions, so that seemingly insignificant, arbitrary inputs can have profound effects that lead quickly to unpredictable consequences," according to Hoffman in his October 2004 article in Scientific American, Controlling Hurricanes. (http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?chanID=sa006&colID=1&articleID=000593AE-704B-1151-B57F83414B7F0000)
This chaotic behavior of the atmosphere is exactly what enables it to be controlled. "It is the very instability of the atmosphere's dynamics that makes global weather control a possibility. Extreme sensitivity to initial conditions implies that small perturbations to the atmosphere can effectively control the evolution of the atmosphere, if the atmosphere is observed and modeled sufficiently well," Hoffman explains in the NIAC contract award. (http://www.niac.usra.edu/files/studies/abstract/589Hoffman.html)
In an October 2004 Red Cross Disaster Relief article by Christina Ward, Controlling the Weather: Disaster Prevention of the Future?, Hoffman goes more in-depth, "Humans could theoretically create small changes in the atmosphere, and these changes could make big differences in the behavior of weather systems. . . The implications would be major . . . Just imagine: no droughts, no tornadoes, no snowstorms during rush hour . . . Could we control the path of a hurricane to prevent it from striking the most populated coastal areas? If we could, should we?" (http://www.disasterrelief.org/Disasters/020228influence)
Although many weather control projects by numerous countries have been performed and documented, the early experiments in the 1960s focused on "cloud seeding techniques - then the only practical way to try to affect the weather . . . with silver iodide particles dispersed by aircraft."
Hoffman's goal is different because it coordinates the Global Weather Control System into one network and uses sci-fi techniques. An "array of earth-orbiting solar power stations" would beam the Sun's energy to Earth via "microwave receivers on the ground" to generate the huge amount of energy that's required to change the global weather.
"For weather control, however, tuning the microwave downlink to frequencies better absorbed by water vapor could heat different levels in the atmosphere as desired." Hoffman notes, "Raindrops strongly absorb microwaves . . ."
To begin the process of making alterations to the Earth's climate, Hoffman recommends changing some everyday activities, "such as directing aircraft flight plans to precisely position contrails and thus increase cloud cover or varying crop irrigation practices to enhance or decrease evaporation."
He identified "some tools" still needed before it can be fully operational: 1) worldwide weather data collecting, 2) better numerical models portraying the physics of the universe, and 3) more developed computer power.
NASA seems to have additional interests in the project other than just weather control, although, not all of these were identified in the news stories, "Many of the technologies involved in our proposed system are areas of interest to NASA that will be developed for other reasons. These include atmospheric science, remote sensing, aviation systems, fleets of low-cost satellites, solar power satellites, advanced computational systems, mega-systems engineering, and more."
Hoffman admits the downside of weather control, "The nation that controls its own weather will perforce control the weather of other nations. Weather 'wars' are conceivable. An international treaty may be required to ensure that weather control technology be used for the good of all." He says with success, "larger-scale weather control using space-based heating may become a reasonable goal that nations around the globe could agree to pursue."
The Global Weather Control System appears to be the first step by a self-appointed group of scientists to assimilate a master global plan for manipulating the Earth's natural processes. Do they really have adequate fore knowledge to take on such an ambitious project for the entire planet? Can the Earth's inhabitants always count on their morals, standards and actions to work in their best interests? Isn't it downright ludicrous to play with Earth's interconnected systems of humans, wildlife, plants, and atmosphere? In other words, who made these people God?